프랑스는 « 이슬람 분리주의 »와 싸우지 이슬람교와 싸우지 않는다

2020년 11월 4일자 Financial Times

신사, 숙녀 여러분

130년전부터 파이낸셜 타임즈는 전 세계에서 모범적인 일간지로 인정받고 있습니다. 확고한 사실과 심층 분석을 바탕으로 하는 기사들로 차별화 되어 있기 때문입니다. 본인을 포함한 모든 독자들에게 있어서 이 신문을 읽는다는 것은 기사의 정확성을 확인할 필요 없이 신뢰할 만한 정보들을 얻는다는 확신을 갖는 것입니다. 따라서 유엔과 G7 회원국 국가의 원수가 공식적으로 한 발언이 이 신문에서 왜곡된다는 것은 누구도 상상할 수 없습니다.

하지만 여러분이 어제 발행한 신문의 기사에서 그런 일이 벌어졌습니다. 잘못된 인용 [제가 결코 사용하지 않은 « 이슬람 분리주의 »라는 단어와 저희 나라에서 실재하는 « 이슬람주의자 분리주의 »라는 단어를 혼동하면서]을 바탕으로, 본인은 선거를 위한 목적으로 무슬림 프랑스인들에게 오명을 씌우고 더 나아가서 그들에 대한 공포와 의심의 분위기를 조장한다는 비난을 받았습니다.

-  파이낸셜 타임즈 원문 기사

President Macron: France is against ‘Islamist separatism’ — never Islam

For its readers, and I am one, being informed by the Financial Times means being certain of accessing robust facts, rich analysis and reliable information, without needing to verify its veracity. Therefore, who could imagine that the statements made publicly by the head of a G7 member state could be distorted by this news organisation?

And yet, that is what happened in a column published online yesterday. The piece misquoted me, substituting “Islamic separatism” — a term that I have never used — for “Islamist separatism”, which is a reality in my country. It accused me of stigmatising French Muslims for electoral purposes and of fostering a climate of fear and suspicion towards them.

I shall not discuss the questionable rigour of this article nor even the ideological foundations on which it is based. I simply wish to remind your readers of some simple facts, explain the situation of my country and the challenges it has to face.

For over five years now, and since the attacks on Charlie Hebdo, France has faced a wave of attacks perpetrated by terrorists in the name of an Islam that they have distorted. Some 263 people — police officers, soldiers, teachers, journalists, cartoonists, ordinary citizens — have been assassinated in our homeland. Most recently, an attack that fortunately did not result in any casualties once again targeted the premises of Charlie Hebdo; a history and geography teacher, Samuel Paty, was decapitated; in Nice, two women and a man were assassinated in a church.

Faced with this ill that is eating into our country, France has rallied with resilience, with determination.

Firstly, by standing firm on its principles. France has been attacked by Islamist terrorists because it embodies freedom of expression, the right to believe or not to believe and a certain way of life. The French people have risen up to say that they will not surrender any of France’s values, its identity, or its imagination. Nor any of these human rights that it proclaimed for the world, back in 1789.

Our nation has also rallied by tracking down the terrorists wherever they may be. The French army shows exemplary courage in the Sahel and its action against terrorist groups benefits all of Europe. Our intelligence and police services, which have paid a heavy price, prevent dozens of attacks each year. The whole state mobilises on the basis of laws discussed and voted on by parliament. For we will not surrender democracy, or the rule of law either.

But since 2015 it has become clear, and I said this even before I became president, that there are breeding grounds for terrorists in France. In certain districts and on the internet, groups linked to radical Islam are teaching hatred of the republic to our children, calling on them to disregard its laws. That is what I called “separatism” in one of my speeches.

If you do not believe me, read the social media postings of hatred shared in the name of a distorted Islam that resulted in Paty’s death. Visit the districts where small girls aged three or four are wearing a full veil, separated from boys, and, from a very young age, separated from the rest of society, raised in hatred of France’s values.

Speak to government prefects who are confronted on the ground with hundreds of radicalised individuals, who we fear may, at any moment, take a knife and kill people. This is what France is fighting against — designs of hatred and death that threaten its children — never against Islam. We oppose deception, fanaticism, violent extremism. Not a religion.

We say: “Not here in our country!” And we have every right to say this, as a sovereign nation and a free people. Against the terrorists who want to break us, we remain united. We can do without media articles that divide us.

I will not allow anybody to claim that France, or its government, is fostering racism against Muslims. France — we are attacked for this — is as secular for Muslims as for Christians, Jews, Buddhists and all believers. The neutrality of the state, which never intervenes in religious affairs, is a guarantee of freedom of worship. Our law enforcement forces protect mosques, churches and synagogues alike.

France is a country that knows what it owes to the Islamic civilisation: its mathematics, its science, its architecture all borrow from it, and I announced the creation of an institute in Paris to showcase this great wealth. France is a country where Muslim leaders speak out when the worst happens, and call on followers to fight radical Islamism and defend freedom of expression.

One can pretend not to see these realities, but one cannot ignore them indefinitely. For as Averroes, the 12th-century polymath, once wrote: “Ignorance leads to fear, fear leads to hatred, and hatred leads to violence.”

Therefore let us not nurture ignorance, by distorting the words of a head of state. We know only too well where that can lead.

Instead, let us prefer clear-headed rigour and rigorous work; enlightened wisdom.

Editors note: the online opinion piece that this letter refers to was published briefly on November 2 and then removed for review after readers pointed out factual inaccuracies.

This letter was first published in the Financial Times on November 4, 2020: https://www.ft.com/content/8e459097-4b9a-4e04-a344-4262488e7754"

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